Macon County was created from territory acquired from the last cession of the Creek Indians on March 24, 1832, in the Treaty of Cusseta. Macon County is the birth place of 2 great Native Americans: Peter McQueen (West Macon) and Osceola (East Macon). Both were prominent in the Seminole/Red Sticks Wars.
The Muscogee (Creek) people are descendents of a remarkable culture that, before 1500 AD, spanned all the region known today as the Southeastern United States. Early ancestors of the Muscogee constructed magnificent earthen pyramids along the rivers of this region as part of their elaborate ceremonial complexes. The historic Muscogee later built expansive towns within these same broad river valleys in the present states of Alabama, Georgia, Florida and South Carolina. The Muscogee were not one tribe but a union of several. This union evolved into a confederacy that, in the Euro-American described "historic period," was the most sophisticated political organization north of Mexico. Member tribes were called tribal towns. Within this political structure, each tribal town maintained political autonomy and distinct land holdings.